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Fiscal Balance (% of GDP)

Fiscal Balance (% of GDP)

Fiscal balance, sometimes also referred to as government budget balance, is calculated as the difference between a government’s revenues (taxes and proceeds from asset sales) and its expenditures. It is often expressed as a ratio of Gross Domestic Product (GDP). If the balance is positive, the government has a surplus (it spends less than it receives). If the balance is negative, the government has a deficit (it spends more than it receives). Fiscal balance as a percentage of GDP is used as an instrument to measure a government’s ability to meet its financing needs and to ensure good management of public finances. 

The table below shows the fiscal balance as a percentage of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in U.S. dollars (USD) by country for the last five years. 

Looking for forecasts? FocusEconomics Consensus Forecasts cover approx. 30 macro-economic indicators per country for a 5-year forecast period and quarterly forecasts for the most important economic variables. .

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Fiscal Balance Data

2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Albania-5.2-4.1-1.8-2.0-1.6
Algeria-7.3-15.3-13.1-6.6-4.8
Angola-5.7-2.9-4.5-6.32.2
Argentina-2.4-5.1-5.8-5.9-5.0
Armenia-1.9-4.8-5.5-4.8-2.6
Australia-3.0-2.3-2.4-1.9-0.5
Austria-2.7-1.0-1.5-0.70.2
Azerbaijan-0.5-1.2-0.4-1.6-0.4
Bahrain-3.6-13.0-13.6-10.0-6.3
Bangladesh-3.1-4.0-3.4-3.3-4.7
Belarus1.01.41.53.04.0
Belgium-3.1-2.4-2.4-0.7-0.7
Belize-2.2-8.0-3.4-2.8-0.7
Bolivia-3.4-6.9-7.2-7.8-8.1
Bosnia and Herzegovina-2.00.71.22.62.3
Botswana3.7-4.60.7-1.1-3.0
Brazil-6.0-10.2-9.0-7.8-7.1
Brunei3.6-14.5-21.7-10.6-3.6
Bulgaria-5.5-1.70.11.11.8
Cambodia-1.6-0.6-0.3-0.80.7
Canada0.2-0.1-0.5-0.1-0.4
Chile-1.6-2.1-2.7-2.7-1.7
China-1.8-3.4-3.8-3.7-4.1
Colombia-2.4-3.0-4.0-3.6-3.1
Costa Rica-5.6-5.7-5.2-6.1-5.9
Croatia-5.1-3.3-1.10.80.3
Cyprus-9.0-1.00.11.7-4.4
Czech Republic-2.1-0.60.71.61.1
DR Congo-  -  -  -  -  
Denmark1.1-1.3-0.11.50.5
Dominican Republic-3.7-0.4-2.8-2.9-2.4
Ecuador-5.2-6.0-7.3-4.5-1.2
Egypt-11.5-11.0-12.0-10.7-9.5
El Salvador-3.8-3.3-3.0-2.3-2.5
Estonia0.70.1-0.5-0.8-0.6
Ethiopia-2.4-2.3-3.3-3.0-2.8
Eurozone-2.5-2.0-1.4-0.9-0.5
Finland-3.2-2.4-1.7-0.7-0.8
France-3.9-3.6-3.5-2.8-2.5
Georgia-3.2-1.0-1.3-0.8-0.7
Germany0.60.91.21.21.9
Ghana-7.4-5.3-6.9-5.0-3.8
Greece-3.6-5.60.50.71.0
Guatemala-1.9-1.5-1.1-1.4-1.9
Haiti-6.4-2.50.00.2-2.0
Honduras-4.4-3.0-2.7-2.7-2.1
Hong Kong3.20.64.55.62.4
Hungary-2.6-2.0-1.8-2.4-2.3
Iceland-0.1-0.812.40.50.8
Indonesia-2.2-2.6-2.5-2.6-1.7
Iran-1.1-1.6-1.9-1.8-  
Iraq-5.6-12.8-13.9-1.67.9
Ireland-3.6-1.9-0.7-0.30.1
Israel-2.7-2.1-2.1-2.0-2.9
Italy-3.0-2.6-2.4-2.4-2.2
Jamaica-0.5-0.3-0.20.51.2
Japan-5.6-3.8-3.7-3.2-  
Jordan-2.3-3.5-3.2-2.6-2.4
Kazakhstan-2.7-2.2-1.6-2.7-1.4
Kenya-5.8-8.1-7.7-9.1-7.0
Korea0.50.01.01.31.6
Kosovo-2.3-1.6-1.1-1.1-2.6
Kuwait7.6-13.4-13.9-8.9-3.0
Kyrgyzstan-0.5-2.7-6.4-4.6-1.3
Laos-3.9-5.6-5.1-5.5-4.4
Latvia-1.4-1.40.1-0.5-0.7
Lebanon-6.4-7.9-9.6-7.0-11.0
Lithuania-0.6-0.30.20.50.6
Luxembourg1.31.41.81.42.7
Malaysia-3.4-3.2-3.1-3.0-3.7
Malta-1.7-1.00.93.41.9
Mexico-3.1-3.4-2.5-1.1-2.1
Moldova-1.7-2.2-1.9-0.8-0.9
Mongolia-3.9-5.0-15.3-6.20.0
Montenegro-3.0-8.0-3.4-5.5-3.6
Morocco-4.7-4.2-4.3-3.6-3.7
Mozambique-10.7-7.2-6.0-3.1-5.2
Myanmar-1.3-2.8-3.5-2.6-2.6
Netherlands-2.3-2.00.01.31.5
New Zealand-1.20.20.71.51.9
Nicaragua-1.5-1.6-2.0-2.0-4.0
Nigeria-2.1-3.5-4.0-5.4-4.5
North Macedonia-4.2-3.5-2.7-2.7-1.8
Norway8.76.04.15.08.1
Oman-3.4-17.6-21.1-13.9-8.7
Pakistan-5.5-5.3-4.6-5.8-6.6
Panama-3.2-2.3-1.9-1.9-2.9
Paraguay-0.9-1.3-1.1-1.1-1.3
Peru-0.2-1.9-2.3-3.0-2.3
Philippines-0.6-0.9-2.4-2.2-3.2
Poland-3.7-2.6-2.4-1.5-0.2
Portugal-7.2-4.4-1.9-3.0-0.4
Puerto Rico-  -  -  -  -  
Qatar13.6-0.7-9.2-6.62.2
Romania-1.3-0.6-2.6-2.6-3.0
Russia-0.4-2.4-3.4-1.42.6
Saudi Arabia-3.5-15.8-12.9-9.2-4.6
Serbia-6.2-3.5-1.21.10.6
Singapore0.1-1.01.42.30.7
Slovakia-2.7-2.7-2.5-1.0-1.1
Slovenia-5.5-2.8-1.90.00.8
South Africa-4.3-3.7-3.6-4.0-4.2
Spain-6.0-5.2-4.3-3.0-2.5
Sri Lanka-6.2-7.6-5.3-5.5-5.3
Sweden-1.60.01.01.40.8
Switzerland-0.20.60.31.2-  
Taiwan-0.80.1-0.3-0.10.0
Tajikistan0.3-2.0-9.0-6.0-2.8
Tanzania-2.9-3.2-2.1-1.2-1.9
Thailand-2.9-2.6-3.5-3.5-2.5
Trinidad and Tobago-2.6-1.7-5.3-8.9-3.6
Tunisia-5.0-4.8-6.1-6.1-4.9
Turkey-1.1-0.9-1.0-1.6-2.0
Turkmenistan0.9-0.7-2.4-2.8-0.2
USA-2.8-2.4-3.1-3.4-3.8
Uganda-4.7-4.7-4.8-3.8-4.2
Ukraine-4.5-1.6-2.3-1.4-2.1
United Arab Emirates1.9-3.4-2.0-1.41.2
United Kingdom-5.3-4.6-3.4-2.4-2.3
Uruguay-3.5-3.6-3.8-3.5-2.9
Uzbekistan0.20.10.00.1-0.2
Venezuela-12.9-15.6-16.8-18.2-  
Vietnam-5.7-6.4-3.9-4.7-4.4
Yemen-4.1-10.0-9.3-5.3-6.3
Zambia-5.7-9.5-6.1-7.7-8.3

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